Phonics instruction should not comprise the entire reading program for beginning readers. The critical components of an explicit phonics lesson are outlined below.
Our programs develop the national reading panel s five 5 components of reading.
Components of an effective phonics program. Phonics instruction teaches students how to use the relationships between sounds phonemes and letters to decode unfamiliar words in text. Phonemic awareness phonics vocabulary fluency comprehension and writing. These programs and materials provide instruction in the five components that is explicit focused clear and involves much modeling.
In some programs regular words that can be decoded are called sound out words irregular words that must be learned by memory are called spell out words. Elements of an effective reading program include. However phonics should not be the entire reading program but should be integrated with other elements such as language activities story time and small group tutoring to create a balanced reading program.
It involves teaching students the basic correspondences between letters and sounds how to blend sounds together to produce words and how to use these phonemic decoding skills while reading text. Systematic phonics instruction has been used widely over a long period of time with positive results and a variety of systematic phonics programs have proven effective with children of different ages abilities and socioeconomic backgrounds. Phonemic awareness warm up o a brief warm up to explicit phonics instruction.
Phonemic awareness phonics fluency vocabulary and comprehension. Children should also be solidifying their knowledge of the alphabet engaging in phonemic awareness activities and listening to stories and informational texts read aloud to them. Must be an effective direct systematic phonics based program.
The child needs to learn to read by using phonologic processing. While two years of phonics is sufficient for most students other students may require more instruction. Effective instructional programs and materials emphasize the five essential components of effective reading instruction.
The most effective way to ensure children convert print to sound and develop the phonologic processing necessary for proficient reading is to teach them with a strong. In the beginning stages of phonics instruction an irregular word can also be a word that the student does not yet have the specific phonics skills to read carnine et al 2006. Phonemic awareness phonics fluency vocabulary and comprehension.
An effective literacy program should have these six basic components. Phonics instruction is explicit and systematic and has been identified as being very effective nichd 2000.