A comprehensive reading program goes beyond decoding and directly helps students achieve higher level skills. In the context of early childhood classrooms it is an effective approach when used for short periods of time to teach specific skills for example letter sound knowledge as a key component of learning.
To be most effective the phonics program needs to be taught in a direct or explicit manner.
Direct instruction visual phonics program. Conversely with incidental phonics instruction the teacher does not follow a planned sequence of phonics elements to guide instruction but highlights particular. Direct teaching instruction is a term often used interchangeably with explicit teaching and can be misconstrued to mean a didactic or rigid approach to teaching fisher frey and hattie 2016. Direct instruction curricula give educators the instructional framework and resources required to meet and even surpass school achievement and improvement objectives.
2013 report that there is a lack of research investigating the explicit instruction of phonic skills to dhh students and its subsequent impact on reading. The term direct instruction di is affiliated with an instructional approach and curriculum materials developed in the late 1960s by american and canadian behavioural psychologists. Programs provided teachers and schools with packaged programmed instructional models initially in reading and numeracy later expanding to other curriculum areas.
Skilled reading requires the mastery integration and application of numerous skills and. The home of direct phonics and pat phonological awareness training here at dp publishing ltd we have been publishing direct phonics for many years and have had thousands of schools within the uk and abroad purchase these books. If the program does not primarily approach teaching the child to read by decoding the letters into sounds it is not a true phonics based program.
Reading mastery was originally called distar direct instruction system for teaching arithmetic and reading. Ye w spychala h harris r. This program teaches students learning to read phonemic awareness phonics and fluency and reading to learn vocabulary and comprehension skills.
The hallmark of a systematic phonics approach or program is that a sequential set of phonics elements is delineated and these elements are taught along a dimension of explicitness depending on the type of phonics method employed. This program includes levels i ii and a fast cycle i ii program as well as levels 3 6 referred to as reading mastery classic. A direct systematic phonics program establishes the essential foundation of accurate effortless decoding correct phonologic decoding so the student is able to achieve the higher goals of reading.
A direct approach is where the child is specifically and explicitly taught the letter sound relationship and. What is direct instruction. We have now taken over the publication and distribution of the pat books from ucl and bucks county psychological service.
This website provides information and resources for administrators teachers and parents to help them maximize student achievement through di. Direct instruction delivers a learning experience proven to transform students at all ability levels into highly skilled and confident learners whether they are struggling english learners el learning disabled or on level. Visual phonics ssvp as an intervention alongside phonics instruction programs indicated an improvement in grapheme phoneme correspondence regardless of types of hearing loss.
We have some of the ucl published books in. The website also contains information on di s extensive and broad research base including a searchable database of more than two. S oetting t.
The national institute for direct instruction nifdi is the world s foremost direct instruction di support provider.