Want to know if a k 2 classroom is using explicit systematic phonics or balanced literacy. Balanced literacy focuses students on grapheme representations combined with context or imagery to teach beginning literacy skills.
As part of balanced literacy instruction exposing early learners to high quality children s literature is intended to expand their understanding of text and comprehension of concepts hoffman et al 2000.
Balanced literacy vs phonics evidence. Basal reading series also known just as basals basal reading series are graded series of textbooks used to teach reading in elementary schools. For a downloadable pdf click here. Balanced reading instruction combines aspects of the phonics and whole language approaches to teaching reading.
While balanced literacy does not manifest itself in a pure 50 50 split between phonics and whole language approaches it does seek to exercise discerned moderation in what is a more complex approach to the language arts. With whole language the belief is that we learn to read and write best by engaging in the. The most difficult problem for students with dyslexia is learning to read.
Unfortunately popularly employed reading approaches such as guided reading or balanced literacy are not effective for struggling readers. These approaches are especially ineffective for students with. Balanced literacy sits right in the middle of both the whole language approach and the phonics approach.
There is scientific evidence for the components of a balanced literacy approach and there is scientific evidence for the need for more explicit and systematic instruction of phonics and phonemic. For a downloadable pdf in spanish click here.