The international civil aviation organization icao created code words that it connected to the letters of the english alphabet. The nato phonetic alphabet is the most widely used radiotelephone spelling alphabet it is officially the international radiotelephony spelling alphabet and also commonly known as the icao phonetic alphabet with a variation officially known as the itu phonetic alphabet and figure code the international civil aviation organization icao assigned codewords acrophonically to the letters of the.
The international phonetic alphabet ipa is an alphabetic system of phonetic notation based primarily on the latin alphabet it was devised by the international phonetic association in the late 19th century as a standardized representation of the sounds of spoken language.
Phonetic alphabet letter code. They are not a system for transcribing speech sounds. In cases like these the use of the radio phonetic alphabet is particularly useful because there are no visual clues and other ways of identifying the letters when an audio channel only is used. Over the phone or military radio.
Useful for spelling words and names over the phone. The nato phonetic alphabet is a spelling alphabet a set of words used instead of letters in oral communication i e. I printed this page cut out the table containing the nato phonetic alphabet below and taped it to the side of my computer monitor when i was a call center help desk technician.
The nato phonetic alphabet is formally referred to as the international radiotelephony spelling alphabet includes a spelling alphabet which helps people from different language backgrounds to understand and pronounce specific letters for example the l in london is how the letter l sounds and also known as the phonetic spelling alphabet. History of the international radio phonetic alphabet. The following tables indicates the unicode code point sequences for phonemes as used in the international phonetic alphabet.
The nato phonetic alphabet also sometimes referred to as alpha bravo charlie is actually officially called the international radiotelephony spelling alphabet. The allied military phonetic spelling alphabets prescribe the words that are used to represent each letter of the alphabet when spelling other words out loud letter by letter and how the spelling words should be pronounced. They are not a phonetic alphabet in the sense in which that term is used in phonetics i e.
A bold code point indicates that the unicode chart provides an application note such as voiced retroflex lateral for u 026d ɭ latin small letter l with retroflex hook html 621. The 26 code words in the nato phonetic alphabet are assigned to the 26 letters of the. The radio spelling alphabet or radio phonetic alphabet has been developed over many years.
The phonetic alphabet can also be signaled with flags lights and morse code. The ipa is used by lexicographers foreign language students and teachers linguists speech language pathologists. The phonetic alphabet is a list of words used to identify letters in a message transmitted by radio telephone and encrypted messages.
Each word code word stands for its initial letter alphabetical symbol.