English speaking government inquiries all concluded that your phonics teaching should be explicit and systematic known as synthetic phonics approach. You are teaching phonics but did you know that not all phonics was created equal.
Watson abstract a comparison was made of 10 year old boys and girls who had learnt to read by analytic or synthetic phonics methods as part of their early literacy programmes.
Analytic phonics adaptations. It became the best selling reading programme for nearly 100 years. Phonics is a method which is used for teaching the skill of reading. Long term effects of synthetic versus analytic phonics teaching on the reading and spelling ability of 10 year old boys and girls rhona s.
Johnston sarah mcgeown joyce e. In analytic phonics we focus on grouping words that are similar and memorizing word groups mat cat fat. Emphasis on the initial sound e g.
Analytic phonics is also known as implicit phonics. For example if the child knows bat cat and hat then the word mat will be easy to read. A child is exposed to the different sound patterns and how to manipulate them through games and exercises.
The focus is on the complete word primarily and later the. As letter patterns are introduced the child begins to negotiate how graphemes in english may have more than one phoneme and vice versa for example the letter a can be pronounced many ways and the sound oo can be. Analytic phonics begins with building up phonemic awareness.
This method of teaching phonics is the most widely used in the usa today. The first programme for teaching phonics using the analytic phonics method was devised in 1783 by noah webster. It describes an association between letters in the alphabets and the sounds used in our spoken languages.
Importance of each sound. Analytic phonics synthetic phonics. Children are taught to analyze letter sound relationships and look to decode words based upon spelling and letter patterns and their sounds.
Synthetic vs analytic phonics. This rule works for short words but is problematic for longer words and encourages guessing as an initial reading strategy. The s of sun.
The analytic phonics method teaches children the phonic relationships among words. Analytic phonics involves teaching children to read through word association rhyme and identifying similarities between words. It is one of three major form of phonics education the other two being synthetic phonics and embedded phonics.
In this approach primarily the analysis of particular sound within a word or words is done.